EPA Pollutants

EPA Criteria Pollutants

Pollutant
[final rule cite]
Primary/
Secondary
Averaging Time Level Form
Carbon Monoxide
[76 FR 54294, Aug 31, 2011]
Primary 8-hour 9 ppm Not to exceed more than once per year
1-hour 35 ppm
Lead
[73 FR 66964, Nov 12, 2008]
Primary and
Secondary
Rolling 3 month average 0.15 μg/m3 (1) Not to be exceeded
Nitrogen Dioxide
[75 FR 6474, Feb 9, 2010]
[61 FR 52852, Oct 8, 1996]
primary 1-hour 100 ppb
98th percentile, average over 3 years
primary and
secondary
Annual 53 ppb (2) Annual mean
Ozone
[73 FR 16436, Mar 27, 2008]
primary and
secondary
8-hour 0.075 ppm (3) Annual fourth-highest daily maximum 8-hr concentration, average over 3 years
Particle Pollution
Dec 14, 2012
PM2.5 primary Annual 12 μg/m3 Annual mean, average over 3 years
secondary Annual 15 μg/m3 Annual mean, average over 3 years
primary and
secondary
24-hour 35 μg/m3 98th percentile, average over 3 years
PM10 primary and
secondary
24-hour 150 μg/m3 Not to be exceeded more than once per year on average over 3 years
Sulfur Dioxide
[75 FR 35520, Jun 22, 2010]
[38 FR 25678, Sept 14, 1973]
primary 1-hour 75 ppb (4) 99th percentile of 1-hour daily maximum concentrations, average over 3 years
secondary 3-hour 0.5 ppm Not to exceed more than once per year

(1) Final rule signed October 15, 2008. The 1978 lead standard (1.5 µg/m3 as a quarterly average) remains in effect until one year after an area is designated for the 2008 standard, except that in areas designated non-attainment for the 1978, the 1978 standard remains in effect until implementation plans to attain or maintain the 2008 standard are approved.

(2) The official level of the annual NO2 standard is 0.053 ppm, equal to 53 ppb, which is shown here for the purpose of clearer comparison to the 1-hour standard.

(3) Final rule signed March 12, 2008. The 1997 ozone standard (0.08 ppm, annual fourth-highest daily maximum 8-hour concentration, averaged over 3 years) and related implementation rules remain in place. In 1997, EPA revoked the 1-hour ozone standard (0.12 ppm, not to be exceeded more than once per year) in all areas, although some areas have continued obligations under that standard (“anti-backsliding”). The 1-hour ozone standard is attained when the expected number of days per calendar year with maximum hourly average concentrations above 0.12 ppm is less than or equal to 1.

(4) Final rule signed June 2, 2010. The 1971 annual and 24-hour SO2 standards were revoked in that same rule making. However, these standards remain in effect until one year after an area is designated for the 2010 standard, except in areas designated non-attainment for the 1971 standards, where the 1971 standards remain in effect until implementation plans to attain or maintain the 2010 standard are approved.